Student Outcomes Differentiate the criminal justice system components from both a theoretical and practical perspective, and critically evaluate existing practices and procedures in search of more viable alternatives. Identify the nature and causes of crime, recognizing how strong families, stable communities, effective schools, and reductions in violence and poverty prevent crime. Appreciate the myriad social, political, legal, and ethical concerns embedded in complex criminal justice issues. Demonstrate a complete understanding of substantive and procedural criminal law, and enumerate the importance of fair and equal legal treatment to American criminal justice. Present themselves as professionals whose integrity is beyond reproach and who are committed to treating both victims and offenders with respect and dignity.