Dimensions of Wellness
The wellness model is based on self-responsibility and includes several dimensions: physical, intellectual, interpersonal/social, emotional, spiritual, occupational, and environmental.
Physical Wellness - Involves exercise, proper nutrition and responsible decisions concerning sex (see HIV), alcohol/drugs and tobacco (see Alcohol and Substance Abuse). Making a commitment to getting enough exercise, good nutrition (see Eating Disorders), and physical safety encourages not only freedom from illness but also feelings of vitality, energy and enthusiasm.
Interpersonal/social Wellness - Involves the development of satisfying interpersonal relationships, good communication skills and the cultivation of a healthy support network of family and friends (see Understanding Unhealthy Relationships). Happier, satisfying and stable relationships with others and a stronger appreciation for diversity are some potential results (see Healthy Relationships).
Intellectual Wellness - Involves being open to and expanding one's awareness of new concepts and ideas. An intellectually well person uses the resources available to expand his/her knowledge to improve skills along with expanding potential for sharing with others (see Academic Success). Benefits include improved job performance, better problem solving, more knowledge and a better chance at being successful in life.
Iona College Library
Emotional Wellness - Involves the awareness and acceptance of a wide range of feelings in oneself and in others. It includes the capacity to appropriately express and manage one's feelings and related behaviors (see Managing Anger), including the realistic assessment of one's limitations, and the capacity to cope with stress (see Coping with Trauma and/or Understanding and Managing Stress).
Occupational Wellness - Involves the ability to gain satisfaction from one's work and the degree to which one is enriched by the work. In includes the ability to integrate skills, values and interests that promote fulfillment in one's work (see Career Planning). Benefits include a work experience that promotes support and personal growth.
Center for Career Development
Spiritual Wellness - Involves the process of developing an "inner life" through the exploration of one's values and beliefs. It can include one's ongoing involvement in seeking meaning and purpose in human existence and the development of a relationship with a higher power in the universe. Benefits include greater inner peace and a deep appreciation for the depth and expanse of life and natural forces that exist in the universe.
Environmental Wellness - Involves a commitment to establishing a positive relationship with and a concern for the environment. It includes one's attempt to reduce or eliminate environmental hazards through recycling, purchasing environmentally safe products and becoming involved in organizations that promote environmental health and an appreciation for the natural world.
Balancing all the Dimensions of Wellness
Increasing personal wellness involves 3 steps: awareness, education and growth. You must first be aware of what works and what doesn't work in your current lifestyle. Next, you need to educate yourself to new methods and strategies that enhance well-being. Finally, you must make a commitment to trying new ways of taking care of yourself, to stretch your limits, and give yourself permission to take healthy risks that will allow you to change. We invite you to explore all the ways you can raise your awareness and knowledge about how to live a healthier, more satisfying life. And then we encourage you to make a commitment to adopting a wellness approach to living and growing.